Relations of Compatibility and Imcompatibility between Christians and Muslims in Bulgaria
Sofia, 1994
Director: Antonina Zhelyaskova, Bulgaria
Partners: Jorgen Nielssen, UK
Jilles Kepell, France

The purpose of this project of the International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations is to explore, with the tools of various sciences, the zones of compatibility and incompatibility between Christians and Muslims in Bulgaria and to propose strategies for expanding the former and contracting the latter which are a latent source of tensions among national religious and ethnic groups.

The study was divided into three parts, on history, ethnology and sociology, each with its specific aims and tasks. The present volume contains also the plenary papers of the international academic seminar on the same subject, and the subsequent discussion , as well a annexes dealing with specific issues.


The Gypsies in the Transition Period
By Ilona Tomova
Sofia, 1995

The Gypsies are among the least studied ethnic groups in Bulgaria. The emphasis in the book is ont on determining the relations between the Roma and the rest of the Bulgarain citizens, neither is it on the prejudices, stereotypes and the distance between them. The researcher has been primarily interested  in how macroeconomic changes affect the general situation of the Roma community. The aim of the writer has been to gather information on the Gypÿies in Bulgaria, on the demographic processes characterising their community, as well as on their socio-economic, health and cultural state in the transition period, and to provide insight into the dominant survival strategies and orientation in time of crisis.

"Identities"
By Anna Krusteva, Ivan Katsarski, Nonka Bogomilova, Plamen Mekariev
Sofia, 1995

This is a team work introducing us to enthnocultural problems. The research is in four parts. Discussed are key concepts for the region under study, such as ethnicity, nationa, state, Orthodox Christianity, cultural archtypes. national identity, citizenship, intercultural dialogue.

The four parts bear no direct relationship. In the first two the concept of nation is discussed in the universal context of its formation (from the point of view of statemanship), and in the specific Bulgarian context (from the point of view of the cultural archtypes of Orthodoxy). In the next two parts, national identity is analysed on the basis of two cases of coexistence with "the otherness" (Bulgarian vs Turk, French vs an immigrant).

In the last part the writers also tries to answer the question of the probability of intercultural dialogue.

Comparative Balkan Parliamentarism
By Lubov Grigorova-Mincheva
Sofia, 1995

This book presents research papers on Balkan parliamentarism dealing with problems such as national issues, constitutional law. minority problems, resolution of ethnic conflicts. The idea to work on the project of comparing Balkan parliamentarism belongs to professors from the universities of Sofia and Veliko Turnovo and was supported by a number of academics from many countries.

The Bulgarians from Bessarabia About Themselves
Compiled by Prof. Petar-Emil Mitev, and Dr. Nikolay Chervenkov
Sofia, 1996
The lives of the Bulgarians in Moldova and the Ukraine

The volume presents selected parts of a research on the Bulgarians in those parts of Moldova and the Ukraine, formerly officially known as Bessarabia. The research effort was suggested and carried out by the Centre for the Study of Ideologies at the Faculty of Philosophy, "St. Kliment of Ohrid" University of Sofia, and the Bulgarian Studies Section of the Institute for the Study of Minorities at the Academy of Sciences in Moldova.

This books present in part the results of the research, illustrating some of the articles with archive photos. Based on personal narrative, the histories make it possible for us to become aware of the historical fate of the Bulgarians from Bessarabia not as an anonymous mass, but as real life individuals, and provide a better insight into their cultural and moral values and their uniqueness.

Europe. The Young. The Balkans
Compiled by Prof. Petar-Emil Mitev and Jim Riordan
Sofia, 1996

The volume contains papers from the International Conference in Primorsko, and the International Workshop in Sofia, both in Bulgaria on the formation of European awareness in the younger generation of the Balkan states, in the framework of a research project on the same subject. Presented are papers reflecting different views on the problems of the young people in the Balkan region.

Momchilgrad. Nature, Archeological Monuments, Traditional Folk Culture
By Maria Nikolchovska, Stella Todorova, Altunka Shoukerova
Sofia, 1996

This original research on Momchilgrad in South Eastern Bulgaria and its region, is undoubtedly a contribution to setting up a modern model for the cohabitation of difference ethnic and confessional cultures in this region of mixed population.

The book is divided into three parts, dealing separately with the nature (Maria Nikolchovska),the archeological monuments (Stella Todorova) and the traditional folk culture (Altunka Shoukerova), of the region of Momchilgrad. This publicaton offeres rich information on local life, and dwells especially on the cultural cohabitation of the three ethnic groups, Bulgrians, Gypsies and Turks, in the region.

The book conveys to the reader strong feelings of love for and respect of, the people and nature in the region, and a sincere view of their beliefs and traditions.

Universal and National in Bulgarian Culture
By Anna Krusteva, Nina Dimitrova, Nonka Bogomilova, Ivan Katsarski.
Sofia, 1996

The book analyses the complex and controversial synthesis of the universal  and national dimension  of Bulgarian culture, both in its discursive layer – philosophical and humanitarian, and with respect to significant socio-cultural fragments – religious and political. Behind the empirical variety of ideas, words, practices and moments in historical time, the authors have attempted to reconstruct the continuity and philosophy of Bulgarian cultural history, which are particularly necessary and deficient at times that mark a turning point for the national spirit.

The issues addressed in the book and its language “open” it to a broad range of  readers with a humanitarian orientation: philosophers, historians, writers, and literary critics, political scientists, etc.

Kurdjali. From Tradition to Modernity. Compiled by Tsvetana Georgieva. IMIR. Sofia, 1998

This volume is the fruit of the joint efforts of a team consisting of ethnologists from the Institute of Ethnology at the Department of History, Sofia University, from the Ethnographic Institute at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, associates from the Historical Museum in Kurdjali and the branch of Plovdiv University in Kurdjali. This is the result of one year of research on the subject of “The town in transition from tradition to modernity. the model of Kurdjali”. Kurdjali is one of the centres where Christians and Muslims live together and where one can frequently encounter both the conflicts and standards of everyday life in crystal form. According to associate professor Tsvetana Georgieva, the subject of coexistence is a traditional one for this particular team, but in this particular case they have sought rather different dimensions that proved fundamental factors in the formation of modern Kurdjali’s urban culture. The results of their field work and their analysis indicate the main tendencies in the coexistence of Muslims and Christians. This study will be useful to people who solve concrete problems in a concrete time.

The Kara­ka­chans in Bulgaria. By Zhenya Pim­pireva. IMIR. Sofia, 1998

 The Karakachans are a particularly picturesque community that stands out among the variety of its peers on the Balkans. In the past they were nomadic shepherds who travelled to the alpine pastures and back in their quest for a living and an appropriate climate, complete with their families and everything they owned. Today they have settled down and live in Greece and Bulgaria. More than thirty years have passed from the time when the last Kara­kachan family in Bulgaria settled down to live in one place. No sphere in the everyday life and culture of the former nomads has been left untouched by the changes. The people who lived in huts and were always on the move-on are still alive, but their grandchildren perceive their stories of not-so-long-ago reality only as interesting fairy tales. This study is dedicated to the ethnic and social aspects of the transition to settled life by the Karakachans in Bulgaria. The desire is to give a comparatively comprehensive idea of the Karakachans not only as nomads, but also as settled people, such as they are today. 

JUDAICA BULGARICA. The Jews In Bulgarian Lands. Annotated Bibliography. Authors: Jacque Eskenazi, Alfred Crispin. Introduction by Emi Barouh. International Centre for Minorities and Inter-
cultural relations, Sofia, 1999.

 This work is part of the research project “Generic Memory And Historical Destiny Of The Bulgarian Jews headed by Emi Barouh. The project represents a culturological investigation including a full sociological representative ethnologic investigation of the Bulgarian citizens with Jewish self-consciousness. The project was put into practice with the support of “Open Society” Foundation, The International Centre for Mino­rities and Inter-Cultural Relations, the Foundation “Free and Democratic Bulgaria”, the Centre for Liberal Strategies, The Organisation of the Jews in Bulgaria “Shalom” and the Sofia loggia “Carmel” of the Jewish organisation “B’nej B’rit”. The bibliography includes 1926 descriptions. 999 of them are separate books, brochures, formal issues, which appeared in Bulgaria from the Liberation till nowadays. The materials which appeared in the Bulgarian media for the period 1944-1998 are covered as well. There is a selection made of the daily and weekly Bulgarian media.

“The Jews In Bulgarian Lands” is a result of three year efforts which will help on the researchers of the Jewish and Bulgarian history to get orientation in a rich scriptorial fund and will direct them to a number of sources unknown for a lot of people.

Bulgarian Youth Facing Europe. Edited by Petar-Emil Mitev. Inter­natio­nal Centre for Minority Stu­dies and Inter­cul­tural Re­la­tions, Sofia, 1999.

This issue is a result of an inter-disciplinary investigation “Formation of the European Consciousness in Bulgarian Youth”. It is actually a result of the investigation in 1997-1998 made by eminent Bulgarian scientists. The Centre of  Ideologies Research at the Faculty of Philosophy at Sofia University “St. Clement of Ochrid” was a partner in this investigation.