Shown below are four idols.
They are made of clay.
The idols found in necropolises were made for the respective funerals. Some of the items are not fired. However, there are statuettes found outside the graves.
The latter finds were part of the rituals related to the beliefs of Lake Town's inhabitants. These represent female figurines, but I am sceptic as to their being an evidence of "matriarchy". In much the same way, in the millennia ahead, our times may be conceived as being "matriarchal" on the account that we worship the Virgin and Child.
It seems these figurines are images of one and the same goddess. The Great Mother of Gods. One of the first representations of a primary archetype.
The figure is a symbol of the robust woman, physically healthy, with her genitals well-indicated, with strong legs, while the breasts, head and arms are much less overt - only barely distinguished. The goddess is a child-bearer. She is not a worker, a thinker, or a child-tender. She symbolizes "pure" birth-giving, the "origin", the "starting point"...
The goddess is adorned with rings and necklaces - presumably an expression of worship using the "circle". The circle is a symbol or proto-conception of the idea of rotation, of cyclicity, of infinity...
There are signs drawn on the chest of the unknown goddess - she was invoked and pleaded. The ancient people communicated with her. They perceived their own needs as part of a whole (global, universal), where their goddess was in control, and were able to incorporate these needs in a cause-and-effect chain.
The existence of prayer in their daily life means that from a spiritual perspective they built temples because God (the Supreme Power) was present wherever there was a prayer extended to him. This is the universal human understanding. The rest is a matter of arrangement to designate the physical site for worship, to enclose it, to erect a structure... And they did build material temples. A temple was found in Lake Town where there was a "sitting anthropomorphous full-length representation". The latter was made of white kaolin.
What might have been the name of this goddess? What were the myths about her? Possibly some "proto-Kibela"?
See the article by Ivan Vayssov in the "Dobrudja 9" collection published by The Museums of History in Dobrich and Silistra, 1992. Mentioned there is also the presence of "Anatolian" influence, "The Anatolian prototypes are a whole millennium older than the Hamangia culture itself." Similar figurines have been found in Thessaly, Pelagonia, Southwestern Bugaria.
See also the article by Henrietta Todorova in the same volume.
In Lake Town, they sought contact with the World Beyond by the agency of the Great Mother and the Bull.
Last update made on 30-10-2007